Health Needs

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APPLICATION FOR AID :

Is translated by

Patient behavior vis-à-vis the & rsquo; use of health services in case of NEED So these are consumers care (the economic sense)

This implies funding (because it n & rsquo; there is no free drink)

To the needy there are institutions (Social Security Fund, non-governmental organizations : ONG, State…) who buy them for health benefits

Therefore 2 fundamentals :

  • NEEDS care
  • REQUEST care

1- NEEDS CARE :

Faced with a suspected health problem the patient and the doctor may have different attitudes in respect of care

To identify these needs care considering the hypothesis that the patient can not "express" his health properly

These needs can not be considered as medically

2- APPLICATION FOR AID :

Economically patient demand for care according to their preferences and price

But if demand for care "inélastiaue" (before a health problem it is insensitive to price) the curve becomes vertical

FACTORS AFFECTING DEMAND :

There is almost always a lag between real health needs and demands expressed by the patient

C & rsquo; is why we base (planning ways) Health perceived needs medically (by practitioners)

These means of perception are the determinants of demand

1- Morbidity :

Causes demand and therefore medical consumption This disease is often determined by sex and & rsquo; age (youth, elderly and women are the major users of health services)

2- Economic factors :

Income and prices

More high income and the demand for care can increase

More prices are down more medical consumption is high (high prices are barriers to

medical use)

3- The psycho-sociological factors :

a- Categories socio- – professional :

High income => better standard of living => fewer needs (because fewer health problems) => lower consumption (although a superfluous demand may increase)

b- Level & rsquo; education :

High level instruction => better attention to health => fewer needs (fewer health problems) => lower consumption

c- Household structure :

Size high household => (limited resources) => lower consumption

d- Location :

Remoteness hampers consumer health facilities (travel difficulties although needs and demand are real)

e- Lifestyles :

– Alcohol, tobacco, pollution, industrialization… promote demand, in the reverse,
– Sport, lifestyle… reduce demand

Cours du Dr Kellil – Faculty of Constantine